Karmann Ghia Parts
The Volkswagen Karmann Ghia is a 2+2 marketed from 1955 to 1974 by Volkswagen in coupe and convertible body styles combining the chassis and mechanicals of the Type 1, evocative styling by the Italian Carrozzeria Ghia, and hand-built bodywork by German coach-builder Karmann. The Karmann Ghia was internally designated the Type 14. Volkswagen later introduced a variant in 1961, the Type 34 — featuring a less curvaceous bodywork and based on the newly introduced Type 3 platform.
Since all Type 14s used the same Volkswagen Air-cooled engine as the Beetle, the car was not suitable as a true sports car, but the car's styling and 'Beetle reliable' parts compensated for this shortfall. The Type 14 also shared engine development with the Beetle as the Type 1 engine grew larger over time, finally arriving at an engine displacement of 1584 cc which produced about 60 horsepower.
Notable exterior changes in 1961 included the car's new wider, finned front grilles, raised headlight relocation, and rear taillight lenses which became taller and more rounded. Cars made from 1955 to 1959 are referred to as 'lowlights,' due to the lower placement of the headlights. In 1970 larger tail lights integrated the reverse lights and larger wrap-around turn signals in contrast to the earlier 'bullet' style lights. Larger and wider taillights in 1972 increased side visibility. For the USA model only, 1973 modifications included larger energy-absorbing bumpers.
In 1961, Volkswagen introduced the VW 1500 Karmann Ghia Coupé, or Type 34, based on its new Type 3 platform, featuring Volkswagen's new 1500 engine. Due to model confusion with the Type 14 1500 introduced in 1967, the Type 34 was known variously as the 'Der Große Karmann' (the big Karmann) in Germany, 'Razor's Edge Ghia' in the United Kingdom, or 'European Ghia' (or 'Type 3 Ghia' among enthusiasts) in the United States.
There are some similar styling influences, but the Type 14 Ghia looks very different from the Type 34. The chassis is also a major difference between the cars: the Type 14 shares its chassis with a Beetle, whereas the Type 34 body is mounted on the Type 3 chassis and drive train (the same as in a Squareback/Notchback/Fastback) – all distinguished by a flattened “pancake” engine that provides a front and rear boot. The Type 34 is consequently mechanically the same as other Type 3s. All bodywork, interior, glass, bumpers, and most of the lenses are unique to the Type 34.